Emerging PV perovskite laboratory, as a division of ODTÜ-GÜNAM, has two different laboratories for designing and fabricating both n-i-p and p-i-n type perovskite solar cells. Two glove box systems and various test and characterization equipment are in operation in these facilities. In the n-i-p facility, a two-source thermal evaporator is integrated into the glovebox. Likewise, a custom-designed six-source thermal evaporator is integrated into glovebox in p-i-n laboratory. Besides the thermal evaporator, a sputter deposition system is also integrated. The active area coatings of perovskite solar cells, which is started in these systems, are conducted in a spin-coater which is also integrated in the glovebox. A slot-die coater is also available in glovebox to fabricate perovskite solar cells for large area applications. Besides the fabrication equipment, various test and characterization devices are utilized to measure the perovskite solar cells layer. FTIR, PL, Transmission/Reflection Spectrophotometers are available within this scope.
This laboratory is established on an area of 45 m2 and 2 master students, 1 PhD student and 1 postdoctoral researcher work in this laboratory. In this laboratory, the efficiency of organic solar cells are improved via development of novel materials and the innovations made in device architecture. Electrical and optical properties of novel materials are examined. In this laboratory, there are a total of three glove box systems, two of which are interconnected and one is independent. In connected glove box systems there are heater stirer, spin coater used for the coating of the active layer and intermediate layers and a metal evaporator used for the coating of the upper contact metals. In addition, there is a solar simulator for organic solar cell current-voltage measurements in the glove box system. In the independent glove box system, there are organic evaporator and metal evaporator systems. In this lab, apart from glove box systems; there is a spin coater used for coating water-based materials, oxygen plasma and EQE measurement set up.
In the synthesis laboratory of developing PV technologies, the design, synthesis and characterization of unique materials that can be used in perovskite and organic solar cells are carried out.
In our synthesis laboratory, there are a fume hood, a Schlenk system with five different lines, a balance for sensitive measurements, heater stirrers, heating mantles, a solvent purification system consisting of five different solvents for very sensitive reactions, a solvent purification system for microwave assisted reactions. There are one microwave system, one PARR device for hydrogenation reactions, two different solvent evaporation devices that can also be used for distillation to remove unwanted solvents, HPLC and GC devices for material determination and a dry oven.
CdTe thin-film-based solar cells have the second largest share in the global market after silicon-based technologies. Semi-permeable and tandem CdTe solar cells are produced within the body of ODTÜ-GÜNAM. Thin film layers that make up the CdTe solar cell are produced using physical vacuum deposition methods. Within the scope of the research, research continues with 2 post-doctoral researchers and 2 doctoral students in different focuses such as the development of different electron and hole carrier layers, electronic modification, thickness improvement, optoelectronic improvement of the conductive layer.